Peru

Key Country Facts

Population: 30.38 million
Historical & Interesting Facts:

Peruvian Pisco Sour, a national drink made with Pisco brandy, has lemons, sugar water, egg whites, ice and bitters!

Top Activities and Places to Visit:

Cerro Blanco, Cotahuasi Canyon, Chicama, Mancora

Other Information:

Top exports: copper, gold, petroleum, zinc, coffee, asparagus, guinea pigs, textiles, and potatoes

Peru has a population of 30.38 million (2013). The capital is Lima and the official languages are Spanish, Aymara, and Quechua. The climate is varied, with the coast being subtropical and rarely rainy while the mountains have rainy summers and dry winters. The time zone is the same as EST. Roman Catholicism dominates religion in Peru, though some other Christian denominations and indigenous beliefs are popular as well. Its primary exports are copper, gold, petroleum, zinc,  coffee, asparagus, guinea pigs, textiles, and potatoes – lots of them! Most people think that potatoes are from the UK, but potatoes were originally grown in Peru. There are almost 4,000 varieties of potatoes grown in Peru!

Peru also hosts some incredible places to travel to. An especially cool place to head to is Cerro Blanco – the highest sand dune in the world! It is located in Sechura Desert near the Nazca Lines and measures 3,860 feet (1,176 meters) from the base to the summit. Also notable – especially for Arizona residents – is Cotahuasi Canyon in the Arequipa region; it’s known as one of the world’s deepest canyon at 3,535 meters (11,597 feet) deep – twice as deep as the Grand Canyon. For ocean lovers, Peru is a surfer’s paradise. Chicama has the world’s longest left-handed wave at almost 2.5 miles long (4km), and Mancora nearby has the world’s largest left-handed point-break.

Travelers interested in cultural food and drinks should try the Peruvian Pisco Sour, a national drink made with Pisco brandy, lemons, sugar water, egg whites, ice and bitters.

One note to be careful of is the water quality – although opinions on water sanitation in Peru are mixed, travelers should keep in mind that tap water or ice can be from the heavily polluted Rio Rimac and can cause sickness. Many Peruvian families boil water prior to consumption.

Jim's Mile Marker

UN Recognized Countries

193

Countries Visited

150

Featured Destination

Costa Rica