Key Country Facts
Russia has the longest railway in the world, as well as one of the busiest. The Trans-Siberian Railway is 5,771.9 miles long (9,289km) and a non-stop journey takes over 150 hours.
Trans-Siberian Railway, Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood, State Hermitage Museum, Winter Palace, Kremlin main clock tower, St. Basil’s cathedral
Top exports: crude petroleum, refined petroleum, petroleum gas, coal briquettes, and raw aluminum.
The capital of Russia is Moscow. Despite being the largest country in the world at 17,075,200 square kilometers, the population is only around 143.5 million (2013). The official language is Russian and the dominant religion is Orthodox Christianity. Because Russia is so large, it stretches across 11 time zones ranging from 6 to 16 hours ahead of EST.
Oymyakon in northeast Siberia (a part of Russia formally named the Siberian Federal District) is considered to be the world’s coldest inhabited town, with temperatures as low as -89.8 degrees Fahrenheit (-67.6 degrees Celsius). Dress warmly!
Another unique fact is that Russia has the longest railway in the world, as well as one of the busiest. The Trans-Siberian Railway is 5,771.9 miles long (9,289km) and a non-stop journey takes over 150 hours.
Churches, museums, and palaces throughout the country can be quite beautiful and worth a visit. Travelers should check out the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood in St. Petersburg; the architecture is detailed, colorful, and truly spectacular to see. Another great place to visit in St. Petersburg is the State Hermitage Museum and Winter Palace, a museum lover’s dream due to the fantastic art, architecture, and history. There is a lot to see, so it’s recommended to have a small tour group with a guide.
In Moscow, an iconic place to visit is Red Square. This area of Russia is a historical and political center of activity in Russia, with the Kremlin, St. Basil’s cathedral, the Kremlin main clock tower, and several other attractions right nearby. This area is filled with opportunities to shop, eat, and explore, and is an absolute must-see when visiting Russia.
For cat lovers, another reason to visit the Hermitage in St. Petersburg is because of the cats living there – over 70 of them! Once stray, these cats are now well cared for by staff. In return, the cats keep the museum clean from any pests that could ruin the artwork and artifacts.