Key Country Facts
Beirut is sometimes referenced as “the Phoenix” because it has been destroyed and built 7 times throughout history
National Museum of Beirut, temples of Baalbek, Jeita Grotto
Top exports: jewellery, scrap copper, electric generating sets, potatoes, and brochures
The capital of Lebanon is Beirut. About 4.467 million people live here (2013) and the official language is Arabic. English is also spoken, and many Christians in Lebanon French as an upper-class or business language. This is why travelers will find some signs in English, Arabic, and French. The dominant religion is Islam followed by Christianity. The time zone is 7 hours ahead of EST.
History lovers will enjoy visiting the ancient temples of Baalbek, one of the most elegant and well-preserved Roman archeological sites in the Middle East. Another beautiful place to visit is the Jeita Grotto about 30 minutes from Beirut, where visitors can take a boat ride through the cave or go visit the nearby zoo, making it a great place for children.
To learn more about Lebanese history, visit the National Museum of Beirut to view ancient Greek, Roman, and Iron Age artifacts among other wonders. For restaurants, trinkets, and a vibrant, colorful atmosphere, head to Old Souk in Byblos to and spend an afternoon strolling by all of the shops.
Beirut is sometimes referenced as “the Phoenix” because it has been destroyed and built 7 times throughout history.